Grace Star: A Guide to Greystar Real Estate Partners

Are you in search of a new place to call home or a lucrative real estate investment opportunity? Look no further than Greystar Real Estate Partners! With a portfolio spanning the globe, Greystar is a trusted global leader in the rental housing industry.

In this comprehensive blog post, we’ll dive into the many facets of Greystar. From their affordable housing options to their luxury apartments, we’ll explore everything you need to know about one of the largest property management companies in the world.

We’ll also address some frequently asked questions, such as “Who owns Greystar?” and “Are Greystar apartments near me?” Additionally, we’ll cover what sets Greystar apart from its competitors and what makes their management style unique.

Whether you’re a renter, investor, or just curious about the world of real estate, this guide to Greystar has got you covered. So grab a cup of coffee, get comfortable, and let’s take a closer look at this dynamic company!

Grace Start: Navigating Life’s Ups and Downs

When we hear the term “grace,” we might immediately think of religious connotations involving divine intervention or forgiveness. However, grace can also refer to the ability to maintain composure and dignity during difficult situations. In this section, we’ll explore the concept of grace start and how it can be applied to our everyday lives.

What is Grace Start?

Grace start is the ability to approach a challenging situation with calm and poise, even when we may feel overwhelmed or stressed. It involves tapping into our inner strength and finding a sense of peace amidst chaos. Some key elements of grace start include:

  • Showing compassion towards ourselves and others
  • Staying positive and optimistic
  • Practicing patience and mindfulness
  • Focusing on solutions rather than problems
  • Cultivating a resilient mindset

Why is Grace Start Important?

In a world that can be unpredictable and chaotic, grace start can be a powerful tool to help us navigate life’s ups and downs. Here are just a few reasons why cultivating a sense of grace is so important:

  • It helps us stay calm and centered during challenging times
  • It enables us to maintain healthy relationships, even in difficult situations
  • It fosters emotional intelligence and empathy towards others
  • It allows us to find meaning and purpose in our struggles

How to Cultivate Grace Start

While some people may seem to have a natural ability to exude grace in any situation, it’s a skill that can be developed over time with practice and intention. Here are some strategies to help cultivate grace start:

  • Take time for self-care and mental health
  • Practice mindfulness meditation or deep breathing exercises
  • Cultivate gratitude for the good things in your life
  • Focus on positive self-talk and affirmations
  • Practice forgiveness towards yourself and others
  • Surround yourself with supportive, uplifting people

Key Takeaways

Grace start is an important skill to develop for navigating life’s challenges with composure and resilience. By practicing mindfulness, focusing on positive self-talk and gratitude, and surrounding ourselves with supportive people, we can cultivate a sense of grace even in difficult situations. So the next time life throws you a curveball, take a deep breath and remember that with a little bit of grace, you can handle anything that comes your way.

Embracing Your Inner Grace Stark

Are you looking to achieve a perfect balance between grace and power? Look no further than Grace Stark! With her fierce intensity and graceful moves, she’s the ideal inspiration for anyone looking to become a master of both.

In this section, we will explore some key aspects of embodying your own inner Grace Stark, including:

Finding Your Grace

Grace isn’t something you can easily define, but when you see it, you know it. Grace is the embodiment of fluidity, motion, and poise. To find your grace, try these steps:

  • Start by observing graceful people you admire and take mental notes.
  • Practice moving with intention and fluidity, and focus on aligning your body and your breath.
  • Visualize yourself as a graceful person and act as if you are already embodying that grace.

Building Your Power

Grace isn’t just about fluid motion; it’s also about power. To channel your Grace Stark, try these steps:

  • Develop your physical strength with exercises that target your core, your legs, and your upper body.
  • Work with a coach or mentor who can help you develop the mental toughness and focus needed to push past your limits.
  • Practice mindfulness and visualization exercises to help you stay focused and centered in the moment.

Balancing Your Yin and Yang

Grace and power are two sides of the same coin, and to embody your own inner Grace Stark, you need to find the perfect balance between them. Try these tips:

  • Practice both fluid motion and explosive power moves to build your technique and improve your dexterity.
  • Develop your sense of timing and rhythm, so you know when to be graceful and when to be powerful.
  • Practice the art of letting go and surrendering to the moment, so you can effortlessly flow between grace and power.

Embracing Your Vulnerability

Finally, to fully embody your inner Grace Stark, you need to embrace your vulnerability. Grace is all about vulnerability and openness, so try these tips:

  • Practice putting yourself out there and taking risks, even if it means facing the possibility of failure.
  • Cultivate a sense of curiosity and openness, so you can learn from others and be receptive to new experiences.
  • Embrace your flaws and imperfections, and see them as opportunities for growth and learning.

By embracing your inner Grace Stark, you can become a powerful force of nature and a true master of grace and power. So why wait? Start your journey today!

Grace Starr: A Rising Star in the Music Industry

If you’re a fan of soulful music with a hint of jazz and blues, you’ve likely heard about Grace Starr. This young artist is making waves in the music industry with her captivating voice and unique style. In this section, we’ll learn more about Grace Starr’s rise to fame and what makes her music so compelling.

Early Life

Grace Starr was born in a small town in Louisiana to a family of musicians. Her parents were both jazz musicians, and they encouraged her to pursue music from a young age. Growing up, Starr listened to a wide range of music genres and was heavily influenced by the likes of Aretha Franklin, Ella Fitzgerald, and Billie Holiday.

Musical Career

At the age of 16, Starr moved to New York to pursue a career in music. She started performing in local bars and clubs, slowly building up her reputation as a talented singer. Her big break came when she was discovered by a record label executive who was impressed by her performance at a local jazz festival.

Starr’s debut album, “Soulful Serenade,” was released in 2018, and it received critical acclaim. Her music is known for its emotive lyrics and soulful melodies that transport listeners to a different time and place.

Style and Influences

Grace Starr’s music is a fusion of different genres, including soul, jazz, and blues. She is heavily influenced by the music of the ’60s and ’70s, and her sound is reminiscent of legendary artists like Etta James and Sam Cooke.

Starr’s style is characterized by her effortless vocals and raw, emotional performances. Her music is deeply personal and often draws from her own experiences and emotions. She has a unique ability to connect with her audience through her music, making her one of the most exciting new artists in the industry.

Future Plans

Grace Starr has big plans for the future. She is currently working on her second album, which is set to be released later this year. She has hinted that the new album will feature a more experimental sound, showcasing her versatility as an artist.

Starr is also planning a tour to promote the new album, and fans are eagerly anticipating the chance to hear her perform live. With her incredible talent and magnetic personality, it’s no wonder that Grace Starr is quickly becoming one of the most talked-about artists in the music industry today.

Grace Starr is a rising star in the music industry, and it’s easy to see why. Her soulful voice, emotive lyrics, and unique style have made her one of the most exciting new artists to emerge in recent years. We can’t wait to see what the future holds for this talented singer-songwriter.

Grace Star – Unleashing the Magic of Grace in Your Life

Grace Starling: A Hidden Gem in the World of Grace

When it comes to the concept of grace, most of us think of it as a quality or virtue that is either innate or developed through religious practices. However, there is more to it than what meets the eye. You can equip yourself with the power of grace in a more tangible and practical way by tapping into the energy of Grace Starling.

Grace Starling is a lesser-known but potent entity that enhances the grace in your life. It is an energy angel that imbues your being with a profound sense of elegance, finesse, and poise. Let’s dive deeper into this fascinating subject and see how you can benefit from this magical force.

What is Grace Starling?

Grace Starling is a spiritual energy that summons the energy of grace in your life. It is a vibrant and dynamic force that stimulates your grace center and infuses your being with a sense of subtlety, charm, and softness. Grace Starling can help you radiate beauty and elegance, transforming the way you express yourself in the world. It’s the perfect way to enhance your soft skills and boost your emotional intelligence.

How to Harness the Power of Grace Starling?

To invite Grace Starling into your life, you need to follow these simple steps:

  • Find a quiet and peaceful place where you won’t be disturbed.
  • Sit comfortably and take three deep breaths to calm your mind and relax your body.
  • Imagine yourself surrounded by a shimmering and sparkling light.
  • Call upon Grace Starling by saying, “I invite Grace Starling into my life to enrich my grace center.”
  • Visualize a beautiful bird flying towards you and perching on your shoulder.
  • Feel the softness of its feathers and bask in the radiance of its glow.
  • Express your gratitude and appreciation to Grace Starling for sharing its grace with you.
  • Whenever you need to access your grace center, visualize Grace Starling perched on your shoulder, giving you the energy of grace.

The Benefits of Grace Starling

Grace Starling has several benefits that can transform your life in remarkable ways. Here are some of the key benefits of Grace Starling:

  • Enhances your communication skills and enables you to express yourself with greater elegance and poise.
  • Boosts your emotional intelligence and helps you connect more deeply with others.
  • Stimulates your creativity and enhances your ability to express your artistic talents in a more graceful way.
  • Helps you overcome shyness and social anxiety, enabling you to interact with others with greater ease and confidence.
  • Infuses your being with positivity, joy, and optimism, giving you a more radiant and vibrant outlook on life.

Grace Starling is a hidden gem in the world of grace. It’s a mystical force that can help you enrich your grace center and transform your life in remarkable ways. By tapping into the energy of Grace Starling, you can enhance your soft skills, boost your emotional intelligence, and radiate beauty and elegance. So, invite Grace Starling into your life today and unleash the magic of grace in your life!

Greystar Email Address

Greystar Management Services is one of the largest property management companies in the world. If you’re a resident or prospective resident with Greystar, you’ll want to know how to get in touch with their team. One way to reach them is through email. Here’s what you need to know:

Finding the Greystar email address

Here are a few ways to find the Greystar email address:

  • Visit the Greystar website. Go to the Contact Us page and find the location where you need assistance. Click on the email icon, and it will direct you to the email form.

  • Call the Greystar customer service line. If you’re not sure which email address to use, a representative can provide you with the relevant email address for your inquiry.

  • Contact the onsite management team. If you’re already a resident, check with the onsite management team. They should be able to provide you with the relevant email address that you need.

Using the Greystar email address

Once you have the email address that you need, here are a few tips for using it effectively:

  • Be specific in your email subject line. Greystar receives a lot of emails every day, so it’s essential to make yours stand out. Be specific about your issue or question.

  • Be clear and concise. In your email, clearly state your issue or question and provide all necessary information to help Greystar assist you quickly.

  • Be patient. Greystar receives a lot of emails every day, and it may take some time to receive a response. However, they strive to reply to every email within 24 hours.

Final Thoughts

If you have a question or issue about your residency with Greystar, using their email address is an easy way to reach their team. Follow the tips above, and you’ll be on your way to getting the help you need.

Greystar Corporate Office

Greystar is a multinational real estate company that manages various types of properties worldwide. Their corporate office is situated in Charleston, South Carolina, where a team of dedicated and professional staff keeps the company running. Here’s a closer look at what goes on in the Greystar Corporate Office:

Company Culture

Greystar takes pride in fostering a positive and inclusive work environment that values diversity and inclusivity. With over 15,000 employees globally, the corporate office sets the tone for the entire company, emphasizing teamwork, communication, and innovation.


As a company that manages properties worldwide, Greystar takes its social responsibility seriously. In their corporate office, they invest in environmentally sustainable initiatives and community outreach programs aimed at giving back to the communities they serve.

Career Opportunities

Working at the Greystar Corporate office presents several career opportunities to employees who wish to build and enhance their professional skills in real estate management. Greystar provides employees with comprehensive training and development initiatives designed to help them achieve their career aspirations and reach their full potential.

Technology and Innovation

Greystar is always looking to deploy technology to enhance its operations and optimize efficiency. In their corporate office, cutting-edge technology is deployed to enable efficient customer service, data analysis, and operational processes.


The Greystar Corporate Office is the hub of operations for the company, responsible for overseeing several properties worldwide. It is where the company’s values and culture are deep-rooted, and where innovation and technological advancements are established.

What Company Owns Greystar?

If you are looking for an apartment, chances are you may have come across the name Greystar. But, have you ever wondered who actually owns this real estate giant? Here’s what you need to know:

  • Greystar is a privately held company, which means it is not publicly traded on the stock market.

  • The company was founded in 1993 by Bob Faith, who still serves as its CEO.

  • Greystar is headquartered in Charleston, South Carolina, and has regional offices throughout the United States, Europe, and Latin America.

  • In addition to apartments, Greystar also manages student housing, senior living communities, and corporate housing.

  • As of 2021, Greystar manages over 697,000 rental units in 180 markets across the globe, making it the largest apartment management company in the world.

  • Despite being privately held, Greystar has partnered with several institutional investors over the years, including Blackstone and Goldman Sachs.

  • In 2019, Greystar acquired Education Realty Trust (EDR), one of the largest owners and managers of student housing in the United States.

  • Greystar also has a strong commitment to sustainability and has implemented several green initiatives, such as the “Green Star” program, which focuses on reducing energy and water use in its buildings.

In summary, Greystar is a private real estate company founded by Bob Faith in 1993. It specializes in managing apartments, student housing, senior living communities, and corporate housing, and is the largest apartment management company in the world. Despite being privately held, Greystar has partnered with several institutional investors and has a strong commitment to sustainability.

Greystar Affordable Housing: Making Living More Affordable

Finding affordable housing can be a daunting task, especially with the rising cost of living. Fortunately, Greystar is one of the few property management companies that prioritize affordability. Here are a few things you should know about Greystar affordable housing:

What is Greystar?

Greystar is a property management company that specializes in managing luxury and affordable apartments, townhomes, and student housing. It is the largest apartment management company in the United States, with over 700,000 units under their management.

How does Greystar make housing more affordable?

Greystar manages affordable apartments that are subsidized by federal and state programs. These programs provide subsidies that make housing more affordable for low-income families and individuals. Some of the most common programs include:

  • Low-Income Housing Tax Credit (LIHTC)
  • Section 8 Housing Choice Voucher Program
  • Rural Development (RD)
  • HOME Investment Partnerships Program
  • Tax-Exempt Bond Financing

Through these programs, Greystar is able to offer affordable housing in some of the most expensive cities in the country.

What amenities are available in Greystar affordable housing?

Just because Greystar offers affordable housing doesn’t mean they skimp on amenities. In fact, they offer many of the same amenities you’d find in their luxury apartments, such as:

  • Fitness centers
  • Swimming pools
  • Business centers
  • Clubhouses
  • Media rooms
  • Dog parks

These amenities vary by property, so it’s best to check with the specific property you’re interested in for a complete list of amenities.

How to qualify for Greystar affordable housing?

To qualify for Greystar affordable housing, you’ll need to meet certain income requirements. These requirements vary by program, but generally, you’ll need to make less than 60% of the area median income (AMI). You’ll also need to pass a background and credit check, provide proof of income, and meet other program-specific requirements.

Where can I find Greystar affordable housing?

You can find Greystar affordable housing by visiting their website and searching for properties in your area. You can filter your search by location, amenities, and affordability to find the perfect apartment that fits your needs and budget.

In conclusion, Greystar affordable housing is an excellent option for those looking for affordable apartments without sacrificing quality and amenities. Their commitment to affordability makes them a top choice for low-income individuals and families who want to live in high-quality housing.

Greystar Apartments Near Me

If you’re searching for a place to call home, Greystar apartments might be a perfect fit for you. With over 500,000 apartments in more than 160 markets, they offer an extensive range of affordable and luxurious apartments that will meet your preferences.

But with such a wide selection of apartments, how can you find the perfect one that suits all your needs? Luckily, you don’t have to do the searching alone! Here’s a guide to help you find your perfect Greystar apartment near you:

1. Determine Your Desired Location

Before you start looking for Greystar apartments, decide on the specific location where you want to live. Do you want an apartment located in the heart of the city, or would you prefer a more suburban feel? Once you know the location you’re targeting, you can narrow down your search to a specific area.

2. Consider Your Budget

Greystar apartments offer a variety of prices, from affordable to luxurious. Determine how much you’re willing to spend on rent each month. It will help you prioritize your search and find an apartment that falls within your budget.

3. Check Out Online Reviews

Before you select a Greystar apartment, take time to read through online reviews. Reviews from previous and current tenants provide insights into the apartments’ real conditions and help you get a sense of what it’s like living in the complex.

4. Schedule a Tour

After selecting a few apartments that catch your interest, the next step is to visit them. Schedule a tour of the apartments you’re interested in. The tour will allow you to view the actual unit and the amenities on-site, which helps you make a more informed decision.

5. Ask Questions

Don’t hesitate to ask questions during your visit. Ask about parking availability, maintenance requests, pet policies, and any other concerns that may affect your day-to-day living. Ensure you have all the answers you need before you sign the lease or rental agreement.

In conclusion, Greystar apartments provide an excellent option for people looking for a place to live. With many locations throughout the country, you can find an apartment that suits your preferences and needs. Utilize the tips outlined in this guide to help you find your perfect Greystar apartment near you.

Who is the Owner of Greystar?

If you’re interested in apartments and other residential properties, then you’ve probably stumbled upon the name Greystar. This apartment giant is one of the biggest in the world and owns over 650,000 units in various cities. With such a massive portfolio, it’s impressive to think that a single person or entity is responsible for all these properties. So, who is the owner of Greystar?

Well, it turns out that Greystar is a private company, which means that it’s not publicly traded on any stock exchange. Therefore, the ownership structure isn’t readily available to the public. However, we do know a few facts about the company that may help us understand who owns it.

Greystar Founders

The company was founded in 1993 by Bob Faith, and he still serves as its CEO to this day. Robb, his brother, is also part of the company’s leadership team. The Faith family remains heavily involved in the day-to-day operations of the company, which is why some people refer to Greystar as a family-owned business. Nevertheless, the family doesn’t own the entirety of the company.

Greystar Financial Backers

As previously mentioned, Greystar is a private company, which means that it doesn’t have shareholders. However, it does have financial backers who hold ownership stakes. These people are typically institutional investors, such as pension funds, insurance companies, and private equity firms. Some of these financial backers include:

  • Blackstone Group
  • APG Asset Management
  • Ivanhoe Cambridge

Greystar Management

Another reason why it’s challenging to pinpoint the owner of Greystar is that the company itself is an owner-operator. This means that the company manages the properties it owns, which is a bit different from other real estate investment firms that may outsource the management of their assets to third-party companies. Therefore, it’s safe to say that Greystar is the owner of its properties, regardless of who owns the company.

In conclusion, while we don’t know the exact ownership structure of Greystar, we do know that the company is owned by a combination of its original founders, financial backers, and management team. As a private company, Greystar isn’t required to disclose its ownership structure publicly, so it may remain a mystery for some time. Nevertheless, it’s clear that Greystar is a powerhouse in the real estate industry and shows no signs of slowing down anytime soon.

Greystar Management Complaints

If you’re searching for a new apartment, chances are you’ve come across Greystar Management. With properties all around the world, it’s no wonder they’re one of the biggest property management companies out there. However, as with any large company, it’s not all sunshine and rainbows. Here are some common Greystar Management complaints to consider before signing that lease:

Lack of Communication

  • One of the top complaints against Greystar Management is their lack of communication. Tenants report difficulty reaching property managers or getting responses to their inquiries.
  • Communication breakdowns can lead to misunderstandings about lease agreements, maintenance requests, and other important issues.

Maintenance Problems

  • Many tenants complain about the slow response time and ineffective solutions to maintenance issues.
  • Some have reported blatant negligence in addressing urgent repairs and maintenance concerns, leading to hazardous living conditions.

High Rent and Fees

  • Greystar Management is known for its high-end luxury apartments, which come with a high price tag. However, many tenants feel that they’re overpriced and not worth the cost.
  • Other tenants have complained about hidden fees, such as excessive pet fees, which can quickly add up.

Unclear Lease Agreements

  • Some tenants have reported feeling misled by Greystar Management’s lease agreements and policies.
  • Vague or unclear language in the lease can lead to tenants misunderstanding their rights and obligations as renters, which can lead to disputes and misunderstandings.

Poor Customer Service

  • Lastly, many tenants report negative experiences with Greystar Management’s customer service. Rude or unhelpful representatives can make tenants feel undervalued and unsupported.

Overall, it’s important to consider all the facts before choosing a property managed by Greystar Management. While they offer some luxurious and well-maintained properties, it’s important to weigh the potential downsides before signing a lease.

Where is Greystar Headquarters?

Greystar is one of the largest global real estate companies with a presence in over 200 markets worldwide. The company’s headquarters are located in the United States. Here is everything you need to know about where to find the Greystar Headquarters:


The Greystar Headquarters is located in Charleston, South Carolina, United States. More specifically, it can be found at 18 Broad Street, one of the most historic locations in Charleston. The company’s beautiful headquarters are housed in a historic building that dates back to the mid-19th century.

Getting There

If you plan on visiting the Greystar Headquarters, there are a few ways to get there:

  • By car: If you’re coming from downtown Charleston, you can get there by taking Broad Street. There’s plenty of street and garage parking nearby.
  • By public transit: The nearest bus stop is on Calhoun Street, just a few blocks away from the headquarters.
  • By bike: Charleston is a bike-friendly city, and there are plenty of bike racks nearby if you want to bike to the headquarters.

Fun Facts About the Headquarters

  • The Greystar Headquarters is built inside a 150-year-old building that used to be a bank.
  • The building is located in a historic district, and as such, Greystar had to get creative when renovating the interior while maintaining the building’s historic character.
  • The Greystar team worked with local architects and designers to transform the space into a modern, innovative workplace that still pays homage to its historic roots.

Key Takeaways

  • The Greystar Headquarters is located in Charleston, South Carolina, United States.
  • You can get there by car, public transit, or bike.
  • The headquarters are located inside a 150-year-old building that used to be a bank.
  • The Greystar team worked with local architects and designers to transform the space into a modern, innovative workplace that still pays homage to its historic roots.

In Conclusion

Now you know everything about where to find the Greystar Headquarters. Whether you’re a visitor in Charleston or simply interested in the company, it’s definitely worth checking out the historic building that houses the Greystar team.

Is Greystar Owned by Blackstone?

Greystar is one of the largest real estate management and investment firms in the world. It specializes in developing, acquiring, and managing multifamily properties globally. On the other hand, Blackstone is a multinational private equity, investment banking, and financial services corporation that deals with multiple asset classes, including real estate.

Here are some important points to note concerning the relationship between Greystar and Blackstone:

Blackstone’s Relationship with Greystar

  • Blackstone owns a significant stake in Greystar through its real estate division, Blackstone Real Estate Partners.
  • Blackstone became Greystar’s strategic financial partner in 2010, and since then, Blackstone has been a major source of capital for Greystar’s investment activities.
  • Blackstone helped Greystar expand its footprint globally, and as a result, Greystar has become one of the largest institutional landlords in the world, with over 700,000 units under management in more than 200 markets globally.

Potential Impact of Blackstone’s Ownership

  • There has been speculation that Blackstone may eventually acquire Greystar fully, but neither company has made any official statements to confirm or deny the rumors.
  • If Blackstone were to acquire Greystar, it could significantly boost its real estate investment portfolio and provide more opportunities for the firm.
  • On the other hand, some industry experts argue that Blackstone’s ownership of Greystar could pose a conflict of interest or create a monopoly in the multifamily real estate market.

In conclusion, while Blackstone doesn’t fully own Greystar, its significant stake and partnership with the firm have helped Greystar become a major player in the real estate industry. The possibility of Blackstone acquiring Greystar in the future remains unclear, but it would undoubtedly have a significant impact on both companies and the real estate market as a whole.

Greystar Real Estate Partners’ Subsidiaries

Greystar Real Estate Partners is a global leader in the investment, development, and management of high-quality rental housing properties. They currently have operations in over 200 markets across the globe. Here are some of the subsidiaries under Greystar Real Estate Partners that you might want to know:


Greystar Real Estate Partners acquired EdR, one of the leading developers, owners, and managers of collegiate housing communities in the United States.


Pinnacle is a subsidiary of Greystar Real Estate Partners. They provide property management and real estate services for multifamily residential communities.

Monogram Residential Trust

Monogram Residential Trust is a subsidiary of Greystar Real Estate Partners that specializes in luxury apartment communities in some of the most desirable cities in the United States.


Cortland is a subsidiary of Greystar Real Estate Partners that operates more than 75,000 apartment homes across the US, UK, and Canada. They provide services ranging from multifamily investments, development, and construction management to asset management.

Greystar student living

Greystar student living is a subsidiary of Greystar Real Estate Partners that provides premier student housing options in various universities across the globe.

Landmark Properties

Landmark Properties is a subsidiary of Greystar Real Estate Partners that develops, builds and manages luxury student housing communities across the United States.

The Housing Company

The Housing Company is a subsidiary of Greystar Real Estate Partners that provides affordable and senior housing communities across the United States.

In conclusion, Greystar Real Estate Partners have various subsidiaries that cater to the real estate industry’s specific needs, including collegiate housing communities, luxury apartments, and affordable housing. They are a global player in the real estate market and continue to expand their real estate portfolio.